Effect of salinity (NaCl) on plant growth, nutrient content, and glucosinolate hydrolysis products trends in rocket genotypes.


Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, Sassari, Italy; Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Sassari, Via Vienna 2, Sassari, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]


Salinity caused by NaCl is an abiotic stress inducing morphological and metabolic disorders. The impact of salinity (0, 65 and 130 mM NaCl) on morphological traits, elemental and volatiles composition of six rocket genotypes (G1-G6) was explored. A significant reduction of shoot biomass, plant height and leaf area as function of genotype and salinity level was observed. G5 was highly affected by NaCl: at 65 and 130 mM plants were 48.6% and 59.1% shortened compared with to control. The volatiles compositions was also analyzed. Glucosinolates increased under 65 mM, then decreased at 130 mM. In G1, glucosinolates start with 7.4 (control), raised to 21.50 (65 mM) and finally dropped to 4.34 (130 mM). This trend was observed also for erucin, the major rocket's isothiocyanate. Rockets could be irrigated with saline water improving the health promoting compounds production. The evaluation of different genotype seems to be of great interest for future breeding programs.


Abiotic stress,Diplotax tenuifolia L.,Eruca sativa mill.,Isothiocyanate,Vegetable quality,