Effects of age-related changes in step length and step width on the required coefficient of friction during straight walking.

Affiliation

Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-01 Aramaki-Aza-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8579, Japan; Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-01 Aramaki-Aza-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8579, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Slipping is one of the leading causes of falls among older adults. Older adults are considered to walk with a small anteroposterior (AP) component and a large mediolateral (ML) component of the required coefficient of friction (RCOF) owing to a short step length and a wide step width, respectively. However, limited information is available.

Keywords

aging,ground reaction forces,required coefficient of friction,slips and falls,

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