Effects of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin on blood-brain barrier permeability in angiotensin II-induced hypertensive rats.

Affiliation

Department of Physiology, Koç University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability primarily increases in cerebral venules during acute hypertension. Methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD), a cholesterol-depleting agent, decreases the expression of caveolins disrupting caveolar structures. We aimed to determine the effects of MβCD on the BBB permeability of angiotensin (ANG) II-induced hypertensive rats. Three minutes after MβCD administration (5 mg/kg), acute hypertension was induced by ANG II (60 µg/kg). Evans blue (EB) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) tracers were used to assess BBB permeability. Immunohistochemistry for caveolin (Cav)-1 and tight junction protein claudin-5 was performed. EB dye content significantly increased in both cerebral cortices and left hippocampus in MβCD (P < 0.05), right cerebral cortex and both hippocampi in ANG II (P < 0.05; P < 0.01), and both cerebral cortices and hippocampi in MβCD plus ANG II groups compared with controls (P < 0.05; P < 0.01). A significant decrease in claudin-5 immunostaining intensity was observed in animals treated with MβCD compared with controls (P < 0.05). Cav-1 immunostaining intensity increased in ANG II group (P < 0.05). Ultrastructurally, HRP reaction products were observed in endothelial cells of the microvessels in the hippocampus region in MβCD group while the tracer was mainly localized in astrocytes and neurons in ANG II, and MβCD plus ANG II groups. The endothelial cells of the venules in the cerebral cortex of the animals in the latter experimental groups also showed an abundance of caveolar vesicles devoid of HRP reaction products. Our results revealed that MβCD did not provide overall protective effects on BBB integrity in acute hypertension and even led to BBB disruption in normotensive animals.

Keywords

Acute hypertension,Blood-brain barrier,Caveolin-1,Claudin-5,Horseradish peroxidase,Methyl-β-cyclodextrin,

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