Effects of oxidative modification on textural properties and gel structure of pork myofibrillar proteins.

Affiliation

College of Life Science, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434023, PR China; Jingchu Food Research and Development Center, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434023, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Isolated myofibrillar protein (MP) was treated by the oxidation system of FeCl3 (0.01 mM) at four different H2O2 concentrations (0, 1, 10, 20 mM). The oxidation degree was determined by measuring the carbonyl and total sulphydryl values. The structure and physicochemical properties of MP gels were investigated by water holding capacity (WHC) evaluation, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacryl amide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), texture profile analysis (TPA), Raman spectroscopy, and NMR transverse relaxation (T2). The results of carbonyls and total sulphydryls indicated that oxidation degree of MP increased with increasing H2O2 concentration. TPA showed that moderate oxidation (10 mM H2O2) could improve the hardness, springiness, gumminess and cohesiveness of MP gels, but not contribute to the maintenance of their WHC, probably due to severe depolymerization of MPs, unfolding of α-helix, exposure of the hydrophobic groups and the migration of protein-associated water (T2b) and intra-myofibrillar water (T21) to the longer relaxation time.

Keywords

2, 4-dinitrophenyl-hydrazine (DNPH) (PubChem CID: 3772977),5, 5′-dithio-bis (2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) (PubChem CID: 6254),Acrylamide (PubChem CID: 6579),Edetic Acid (PubChem CID: 6049),Egtazic Acid (PubChem CID: 6207),Gel properties,Hydrogen Peroxide (PubChem CID: 784),Iron Trichloride (PubChem CID: 24380),PIPES (PubChem CID: 79723),Protein oxidation,Raman spectroscopy,SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) (PubChem CID: 3423265),T(2) Relaxation time,Tyrosine (PubChem CID: 6057),