Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology, 66 West Dazhi Street, Nan Gang District, Harbin 150001, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Chinese college students reside primarily in four-person bedrooms and even six-person bedrooms, where the sound from roommates may affect their sleep. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the effects of different sound sources and sound levels on sleep for college students in China. Based on sleep quality measurements, acoustic environment measurements, and a questionnaire survey with 90 participants in a typical residence hall in Harbin city, China, the results are as following: First, 68.89% of college students experienced sleep deprivation, and indoor noise was the most influential environmental factor among 15 disruptors that disturbed 50% of college students. Second, the number of occupants per room was a significant factor affecting the background sound level of sleep, which was highest when the number of occupants was two, and lowest when the number was five. Third, deep sleep time and rapid eye movements (REM) sleep time decreased 1.7 min and 1.4 min per 1 dBA (decibel with A-weight), with R2 = 0.352 and 0.332, respectively (p < .001). In terms of the effect of sound sources on sleep, sleep was mostly disturbed by roommate conversation (77.42%), and noise caused by roommate sleep-related activities was the most common source of activities (67.74%). The present study can provide guidelines to help enhance the sleep quality of Chinese college students through improvements in the sound environment.