Effects of stanniocalcin hormones on rat brown adipose tissue metabolism under fed and fasted conditions.

Affiliation

Department of Physiology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study we determined the effect of fed and fasting (48 h) states on the expression of stanniocalcin-1 (Stc1) and stanniocalcin-2 (Stc2) in rat brown adipose tissue (BAT), as well as the in vitro effects of human stanniocalcin 1 and 2 (hSTC-1 and hSTC-2) hormones on lipid and glucose metabolism. In addition, lactate, glycogen levels and hexokinase (HK) activity were determined. In fasting Stc2 expression increased markedly. The targets of action of hSTC-1 and hSTC-2 were glucose uptake and oxidation as well as glycogen storage, controlling the energetic metabolism in BAT. The reduction in glycogen concentration induced by hSTC-2 in fed state might have deleterious consequences in BAT, such as decreased thermogenic activity, FA esterification and other adipocyte functions. On the other hand, the increase of glucose uptake caused by hSTC-1 of fed rats could play a role as a plasma glucose-clearing hormone in the postprandial period.