Efficacy and Safety of a Novel Catheter for Transradial Cerebral Angiography.


Department of Neurology, Affiliated RuiKang Hospital of Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanning, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : The goal of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel catheter for right radial artery approach cerebral angiography.
METHODS : Patients from the Neurology Department of The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical University who underwent diagnostic cerebral angiography of either the left vertebral artery dominant type or balanced type were enrolled in this study.
RESULTS : A total of 167 patients were treated between February 2016 and December 2017, of whom 44 were excluded based on study exclusion criteria and 123 were enrolled in the present analysis. Bilateral subclavian artery catheterization and bilateral common carotid artery catheterization were conducted successfully in all 123 patients. The success rate of selective catheterization of the left vertebral artery was 87.8% (108/123). The success rate of selective catheterization of the right vertebral artery using the novel catheter was 89.0% (73/82). The average fluoroscopy time was 6.5 ± 3.4 min, the average operation duration was 47 ± 3.7 (range 50-90) min, and the average dosage of contrast agent was 112.3 ± 8.1 mL. One patient exhibited an absence of pulse in the punctual radial artery after the removal of the arterial compression band, but there was no evidence of ischemia of the distal hand. One patient who was undergoing dual anti-platelet drug treatment suffered from bleeding at the puncture point when deflated for 2 hr after operation; this patient was re-pressurized and re-timed.
CONCLUSIONS : This novel catheter improved the success rate of selective left vertebral artery catheterization, and allowed for simplification of the relevant surgical steps. The controllability of this novel catheter was satisfactory, and its associated surgical risk was found to be low.