Efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for patients with postmenopausal hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis.


Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Chinese herbal medicine has been increasingly used for patients with postmenopausal hypertension in China. A comprehensive literature search was performed in 7 electronic databases from their inception up to December 17, 2017 to examine the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for postmenopausal hypertension. Thirty-nine randomized controlled trials involving 3, 823 participants were included. Meta-analyses favored Chinese herbal medicine plus antihypertensive drugs on blood pressure, blood pressure variability, postmenopausal symptoms, quality of life, and hormone levels compared with antihypertensive drugs. No severe adverse effects were identified. Er-xian decoction was the most frequently prescribed herbal formula, while Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch. was the most commonly used single herb. Chinese herbal medicine as complementary therapy maybe beneficial for postmenopausal hypertension. However, the effectiveness and safety of the decoction are still uncertain due to methodological shortcomings. Well-conducted trials are warranted to resolve the issue.


Chinese herbal medicine,Meta-analysis,Postmenopausal hypertension,Randomized controlled trial,Systematic review,Traditional Chinese medicine,