School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, PR China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai 200092, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
A constructed wetland (CW) was established to explore the influence of carbon addition (glucose or sodium acetate) on nitrogen removal and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at chemical oxygen demand to nitrogen ratios (COD/Ns) of 0, 4, 7. Results showed that the type of carbon source and COD/N significantly influenced the CW performance, in which the electrons transfer determined the regulation of denitrification, methanogenesis and respiration. Higher N2O emissions were consistent with higher nitrite accumulation at low COD/N because of electrons competition. The residual carbon source after near-complete denitrification could be further utilized by methanogenesis. Sodium acetate was superior to glucose in promoting denitrification and reducing global warming potential (GWP). In addition, bacteria sequencing and functional genes confirmed the important role of the type of carbon source on controlling nitrogen removal, carbon consumption and GHG emissions in microbial communities.