Enhanced 3D paper-based devices with a personal glucose meter for highly sensitive and portable biosensing of silver ion.


College of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, 541004, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]


A variety of routine methods are available for the detection of silver (I) (Ag+) ions, but most of them rely on expensive, sophisticated and desktop instruments. Herein, a low-cost, instrument-free and portable Ag+ biosensor was described by initially designing a new class of 3D origami microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) into each of which one piece of reagent-loaded nanoporous membrane was integrated. It combines analyte-triggered self-growing of silver nanoparticles to block the membrane's pores in situ for rapid yet efficient signal amplification with a handheld personal glucose meter for a portable and sensitive quantitative readout based on the biocatalytic reactions between the glucose oxidase and glucose. Its utility is well demonstrated with the specific detection of the analyte with a limit of detection as low as ∼58.1 pM (3σ), which makes this new biosensing method one of the most sensitive Ag+ assays in comparison with many other typical methods recently reported. Moreover, the satisfactory recovery of analyzing several types of real water examples, i.e., tap water, drinking water, pond water and soil water, additionally validates its feasibility for practical applications.


Ag(+),Glucometer,Paper-based microfluidics,Point-of-care biosensor,Signal amplification,

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