Enhanced Cr(VI) removal by waste biomass derived nitrogen/oxygen co-doped microporous biocarbon.


Department of Pharmaceutical & Biological Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, No. 24 South Section 1, Yihuan Road, Chengdu, 610065, People's Republic of China. [Email]


Herein, kitchen waste hydrolysis residue (KWHR) was utilized as the precursor to fabricate nitrogen/oxygen co-doped microporous biocarbons (NOMBs) with ultrahigh specific surface area via KOH activation. Activation temperature was found to be crucial for heteroatom doping and pore structure construction. Attractively, the obtained NOMB with high surface area (2417 m2/g) and microporosity (~ 90%) displayed an outstanding capacity of Cr(VI) removal (526.1 mg/g at pH 2). The kinetics and isotherm studies showed that the adsorption of Cr(VI) onto NOMB was well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm. Moreover, it was found that Cr(VI) was partly reduced to Cr(III) during the removal process as the nitrogen/oxygen functionalities and unsaturated carbon bond played crucial roles of electron-donors, which revealed the fact that the removal of Cr(VI) by NOMB was attributed to the coupling of adsorption and reduction reaction. Overall, this study has demonstrated the possibility of preparing microporous biocarbons using KWHR as a renewable material and the resultant NOMB is of great potential to detoxify Cr(VI).


Adsorption,Chromium,Heteroatom doping,Microporous biocarbon,Reduction,Waste biomass,

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