Enhanced electrokinetic remediation and simulation of cadmium-contaminated soil by superimposed electric field.

Affiliation

Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, 110016, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The 'focusing' effect has become a limiting factor for the removal of heavy metals from soils by electrokinetic (EK) remediation. A superimposed electric field EK (SE-EK) method is proposed to address this problem. Two sets of fixed electrodes placed at different positions were switched to move the 'focusing' region of Cd to the cathode by controlling the location of the pH jumping front. Moreover, a model was established to simulate and optimize the process of Cd transport in soil under the superimposed electric field. Results showed that, after 35 d of SE-EK remediation, Cd was mainly accumulated in the soil section near the cathode (S5), where the acid and alkaline fronts converged. The removal rate of Cd in the soil sections from S1 to S4 reached 87.60%, which was 6.13 times that in conventional EK remediation. Meanwhile, the energy utilization efficiency in SE-EK was 6.38 times that in conventional EK. The pH changes and Cd distribution during the SE-EK experiment were simulated well, with good agreement between the modeled and experimental data. The removal of Cd in SE-EK remediation could therefore be optimized through simulating the distribution of Cd in five situations with differences in switching time and electrode position. This research provides valuable technical support for effective EK remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil.

Keywords

Cadmium,Electrokinetic remediation,Simulation,Superimposed electric field,‘Focusing’ effect,

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