Estimation of spatiotemporal PM1.0 distributions in China by combining PM2.5 observations with satellite aerosol optical depth.

Affiliation

State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China; School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Geospatial Technology, Wuhan 430079, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Particulates smaller than 1.0 μm (PM1.0) have strong associations with public health and environment, and considerable exposure data should be obtained to understand the actual environmental burden. This study presented a PM1.0 estimation strategy based on the generalised regression neural network model. The proposed strategy combined ground-based observations of PM2.5 and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth (AOD) to estimate PM1.0 concentrations in China from July 2015 to June 2017. Results indicated that the PM1.0 estimates agreed well with the ground-based measurements with an R2 of 0.74, root mean square error of 19.0 μg/m3 and mean absolute error of 11.4 μg/m3 as calculated with the tenfold cross-validation method. The diurnal estimation performance displayed remarkable single-peak variation with the highest R2 of 0.80 at noon, and the seasonal estimation performance showed that the proposed method could effectively capture high-pollution events of PM1.0 in winter. Spatially, the most polluted areas were clustered in the North China Plain, where the average estimates presented a bimodal distribution during daytime. In addition, the quality of satellite-derived AOD, the robustness of the interpolation algorithm and the proportion of PM1.0 in PM2.5 were confirmed to affect the estimation accuracy of the proposed model.

Keywords

Aerosol optical depth,Air pollution,Himawari-8,Neural network,PM(1.0),

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