Estimation of the hepatitis E assay-dependent seroprevalence among Croatian blood donors.

Affiliation

Croatian Veterinary Institute, Savska 143, Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in blood donors presenting to the Croatian Institute of Transfusion Medicine was assessed with 4 available tests (3 ELISA tests and 1 immunoblot (IB) test).
METHODS : In October and November 2014, a total of 1,036 serum samples of blood donors were collected for the study. Samples were primarily tested for total HEV antibodies by Dia.Pro HEV Ab test (a). All reactive samples were tested by ELISA tests: Dia.Pro HEV IgG (b) and IgM (c), Mikrogen recomWell HEV IgG_old (d) and IgM_old (e), recomWell HEV IgG_new (f) and IgM_new (g), and IB Mikrogen recomLine HEV IgG (h) and IgM (i). HEV IgM reactive samples also positive by the IB were further tested for HEV RNA.
RESULTS : There were 21.5% of samples reactive for total HEV antibodies (a). Seroprevalence of HEV IgG according to the b, d, f and h tests was 20.2%, 9.6%, 18.1% and 17.8%, respectively. Seroprevalence of HEV IgM according to the c, e, g and i tests was 4.4%, 1.5%, 2.0% and 1.7%, respectively. Out of 46 HEV IgM (Dia.Pro HEV IgM) positive samples, 18 (39.1%) were also positive by IB. HEV RNA was not detected in any of those samples. There was a significant association between age and HEV seroprevalence (P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS : Different HEV antibody detection assays showed a high HEV IgG seroprevalence in Croatian blood donors. Among HEV IgG and HEV IgM positive samples HEV RNA was not detected.

Keywords

Blood donors,Donneurs de sang,Hepatitis E virus (HEV),Seroprevalence,Séroprévalence,Virus del’hépatite E (VHE),

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