Evaluation of subclinical atherosclerosis by ultrasound radiofrequency data technology in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome.


Department of Rheumatology, University of Health Sciences, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Sehit Omer Halisdemir Street, Altindag, TR-06100, Ankara, Turkey. [Email]


Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, and inflammation is highly associated with atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular risk. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and arterial stiffness measurements are commonly used to detect subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to non-invasively demonstrate the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with pSS through these measurements, using ultrasound (US) radiofrequency (RF) data technology. 30 pSS patients as the study group and 30 age-and sex-matched healthy volunteers as the control group were included in this study. The age of the participants in the entire sample ranged from 18 to 60 years, and no primary cardiovascular risk factors were present, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, or obesity. The participants in the study and control groups were evaluated with doppler ultrasonography. Arterial stiffness and CIMT measurements were made from the bilateral common carotid arteries (CCA) using US RF data technology. No statistically significant difference was identified between the patients with pSS and the controls in terms of the right, left, and mean CCA IMT; the right side distensibility coefficient (DC) and compliance coefficient (CC); or the right- and left-side α and β stiffness indices values (p > 0.05). Compared to the control subjects, the pSS patients had higher right and left side pulsed wave velocity (PWV), the mean value of the right and the left sides α stiffness index, β stiffness index, and PWV (p < 0.05). The pSS patients' left DC, left CC, and the mean value of the right and left sides DC and CC were lower than controls (p < 0,05). It was found that patients with pSS show evidence of subclinical atherosclerosis. To determine this situation in patients with pSS, CIMT and PWV measurements may serve as a guide. Radiofrequency data technology represents a non-invasive approach to the accurate and quantitative measurement of CIMT elevation and decreases in vascular elasticity.


Arterial stiffness,Carotid intima-media thickness,Primary Sjögren’s syndrome,Subclinical atherosclerosis,Ultrasound radiofrequency data technology,