Evaluation of the atherosclerotic burden in hypertensive patients with prediabetes.

Author

José Manuel Ramírez Torres

Affiliation

Centro de Salud Puerta Blanca, Málaga, España. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To assess the atherosclerotic burden in hypertensive patients with prediabetes without cardiovascular disease.
METHODS : We included patients with hypertension and prediabetes (fasting blood glucose: 100-125mg/dL and/or glycohemoglobin A1c: 5.7-6.4%), excluding those with established cardiovascular disease or those at very high risk. We recorded major vascular risk factors. Subclinical arteriosclerosis was measured by the ankle/brachial index (ABI) and carotid intima-medial thickness (IMT). Subclinical arteriosclerosis was mild if IMT was >75p adjusted by age and sex and/or ABI was 0.7-0.9 and was considered moderate-severe when there was plaque and/or ABI<0.7.
RESULTS : We included 53 patients, 63±7 years-old; women: 50,9% (95%CI: 36.8-64.9). Atherosclerotic burden was detected in 66.0% (95%CI: 51.7-78.5) of subjects. 24,5% (95%CI: 13.8-38.3) of patients had mild arteriosclerosis disease and 41.5% (95%CI: 28.1-55.9) had moderate-severe. This allowed us to re-stratified as very high vascular risk the 41.5% (95%CI: 28.1-55.9) of patients. 45.4% (95%CI: 16-74.8) of subjects with moderate initial risk were considered high or very high risk. In multivariate analyses, only smoking was associated with atherosclerotic burden (P=.07).
CONCLUSIONS : Two thirds of hypertensive patients with prediabetes had subclinical arteriosclerotic disease when they were evaluated by the ankle/brachial index and carotid ultrasonography. Approximately forty percent of patients were re-stratified as very high vascular risk. Nearly half of the prediabetic hypertensive patients initially classified as moderate risk were considered high or very high risk.

Keywords

Atherosclerotic burden,Carga aterosclerótica,Hipertensión,Hypertension,Prediabetes,