Evaluation of the effects of open and closed rhinoplasty on the psychosocial stress level and quality of life of rhinoplasty patients.


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Aydın State Hospital, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]


OBJECTIVE : To investigate patient-reported functional and aesthetic outcomes and psycho-social distress levels in patients undergoing rhinoplasty with regard to technique, type, and indications of surgery.
METHODS : A total of 90 patients (mean(SD) age: 27.4(6.5) years, 64.4% females) undergoing rhinoplasty were included prospectively. Data of Nasal Symptom Obstruction Evaluation (NOSE) scale for the functional outcome, the rhinoplasty outcome evaluation (ROE) scale for the esthetic outcome, and the Derriford Appearance Scale (DAS-24) for psychosocial outcomes were recorded preoperatively and in the postoperative 1st, 3rd, and 6th month.
RESULTS : No significant difference was noted in ROE or NOSE scores with regard to technique (open vs. closed), type (primary vs. secondary), and indication (functional vs. cosmetic) of rhinoplasty during study visits. Open vs. closed surgery, secondary vs. primary rhinoplasty, and cosmetic vs. functional indication for rhinoplasty were associated with significantly higher DAS-24 scores at the preoperative visit (p < 0.001 for each) and postoperative 1st (p < 0.001 for each) and 3rd month (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p < 0.01, respectively) visits. NOSE, ROE, and DAS-24 scores significantly decreased from the preoperative to the postoperative period and from 1st month to 3rd and 6th months of postoperative follow-up in all patients, regardless of the rhinoplasty subgroup (p < 0.001 for each).
CONCLUSIONS : In conclusion, our findings revealed favorable postoperative functional and esthetic outcome and improved psycho-social distress in patients undergoing rhinoplasty, with significantly improved NOSE, ROE, and DAS-24 scores after rhinoplasty during the entire 6-month follow-up, regardless of the technique (open vs. closed), type (primary vs. revision), and indication (cosmetic vs. functional) of rhinoplasty. Closed rhinoplasty may be a more preferable method because of less psycho-social distress.


Esthetic,Functional,Postoperative outcome,Psychosocial,Quality of life,Rhinoplasty,