Exosomes: An emerging factor in atherosclerosis.

Affiliation

First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 314 An Shan Xi Road, Nan Kai District, Tianjin, 300193, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is the main reason for morbidity and death caused by cardiovascular disease which leads to approximately 20% of total death around the world. Exosomes secreted by the cells is a kind of extracellular vesicles with lipid bilayer structure, containing a variety of cell specific lipid, nucleic acid and protein, involved in intercellular communication, plays an important role in different physiological and pathological process. In recent years, with the deepening of research, the role of exosomes in cardiovascular diseases has received extensive attention. This review summarizes the roles of exosomes and exosome-derived from microRNAs, proteins and DNA as biomarkers in the development of atherosclerosis, and explores the mechanism of exosome-mediated intercellular crosstalk in atherosclerosis, providing potential roles for diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords

Atherosclerosis,Endothelial cell,Exosome,Extracellular vesicles,MicroRNA,Platelet,Vascular smooth muscle cell,