Exploring the efficacy of a paraprofessional delivered telephonic psychoeducational intervention on emotional well-being in African American breast cancer survivors.


Center of Community Alliance for Research and Education (CCARE), Division of Health Equities, City of Hope Medical Center, 1500 East Duarte Road, Duarte, CA, 91010-3000, USA. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : African American breast cancer survivors (AABCS) are underserved in medical and psychosocial care despite greater disease burden. We evaluated the effectiveness of a telephonic psycho-educational intervention trial on improving emotional well-being (EWB) in a sample of AABCS.
METHODS : Secondary data analyses with 40 AABCS who reported elevated distress were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. We used Wilcoxon signed rank tests to measure pre- to post-intervention score changes in individual EWB items (FACT-G). Independent t tests compared changes in mean scores between the intervention and control groups.
RESULTS : Overall emotional well-being, as well as emotions pertaining to sadness, coping, and nervousness, showed some improvements as a result of the intervention. Changes in the subscale total score and all except one subscale item had clinically meaningful effect sizes (d ≥ 0.35). Statistically significant between-group differences in mean score changes were observed.
CONCLUSIONS : Our results and approach advance supportive care interventions by illuminating the benefits and limitations of a paraprofessional delivered, licensed professional supervised psycho-educational intervention. Additionally, as emotional well-being is multifaceted, the individual item analysis approach used in this study provides insight into specific areas of improvement and vulnerability within the emotional well-being domain of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Our findings can facilitate the development of culturally responsive and patient-centered survivorship care, psychosocial-oncology interventions and care-tailored to the emotional well-being and unmet needs of medically vulnerable and underserved patients.


African American,Breast cancer survivorship,Culturally responsive psychosocial-oncology care,Emotional well-being,Health-related quality of life,