Expression level and prospective mechanism of miRNA-99a-3p in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma based on miRNA-chip and miRNA-sequencing data in 1, 167 cases.


Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, School of Pre-clinical Medicine, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : The role of miR-99a-3p in Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has not been reported. Therefore, in this study, we examined the expression level and its molecular mechanisms of miR-99a-3p in HNSCC.
METHODS : MiR-99a-3p-related miRNA-chip and miRNA-sequencing data were collected. We then carried out meta-analyses to pool the standard mean difference (SMD) value and generate a summarized receiver operating characteristic (sROC) curve. MiR-99a-3p mimic was transfected into FaDu cells and those genes influenced by miR-99a-3p were gathered. The target genes were also predicted from 12 tools through miRwalk2.0, and combined with differentially expressed genes in HNSCC from the The Cancer Genome Atlas and Genotype-Tissue Expression sequencing databases. FunRich and DAVID were used for the pathway signaling analyses for the potential targets of miR-99a-3p in HNSCC.
RESULTS : The SMD was -0.30 (95% CI: -0.51, -0.08) in the fixed-effect model and -0.28 (95% CI: -0.67, 0.10) in the random-effect model (I2 = 60%), indicating a reduced expression level of miR-99a-3p in HNSCC tissues based on 1167 cases. In the sROC curve, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.77 (95% CI: 0.73, 0.81). The 251 potential targets of miR-99a-3p were enriched in several pathways related to cancer, with the "Pathways in cancer" standing at the top. vascular endothelial growth factor A was selected as an example with up-regulated trend in HNSCC tissues.
CONCLUSIONS : MiR-99a-3p exhibits a significant lower expression status in HNSCC, and this reduced or deletion status promotes the malignant progression of HNSCC. However, its molecular mechanism is still unclear and requires further investigation.


Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma,MiR-99a-3p,MiRNA-chip,MiRNA-sequencing,Pathway,