Expression of the Cerebral Olfactory Receptors Olfr110/111 and Olfr544 Is Altered During Aging and in Alzheimer's Disease-Like Mice.

Affiliation

Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, INP, Marseille, France. [Email]

Abstract

A growing number of studies report the expression of olfactory receptors (ORs) in many non-chemosensory tissues and organs. However, within the brain, very few ectopic ORs are exhaustively documented. Their kinetic expression, cellular localization, and functions remain elusive. Using cDNA microarrays, quantitative PCR, and immunohistochemistry, we studied the cellular and sub-cellular localization of Olfr110/111 and Olfr544 and their timely expression in various brain areas of wild-type and transgenic Alzheimer's disease-like (5xFAD) mice. We observed that Olfr110/111 and Olfr544 proteins are mainly expressed by neurons in cortical and hippocampal regions and, to a lesser extent, by astrocytes, microglia, oligodendrocytes, and endothelial cells. In addition, both ORs are present at the cell membrane and co-expressed with the olfactory Gαolf protein, suggesting that they can be functional. Remarkably, we also found that the expression of the mRNA encoding for Olfr110/111 tends to increase with age in both the cortex and hippocampus of wild-type and transgenic mice. Moreover, Olfr110/111 transcript expression is markedly impaired in the brain of Alzheimer's disease-like mice. A different profile is noticed for Olfr544, for which an overexpression is observed only in the cortex of 9-month-old animals. In addition, in transgenic mice, olfactory receptors are observed near amyloid plaques. Altogether, our findings indicate that ORs may play a role in brain functioning, in normal and pathological conditions.

Keywords

Aging,Alzheimer’s disease,Cortex,Hippocampus,Neurons,Olfactory receptors,