Extension of postharvest shelf-life in green bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) using exogenous application of polyamines (spermidine and putrescine).

Affiliation

Department of Biotechnology, Shri A.N. Patel P.G. Institute of Science and Research, Anand, Gujarat 388001, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

To extend the postharvest shelf-life of green bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), an exogenous application of two polyamines, Spermidine and Putrescine (SPD-PUT), was tested in multiple combinations (10 μM plus 10 μM, 20 μM plus 20 μM, and 30 μM plus 30 μM) at 4 ± 1 °C for 40 days. The titratable acidity, protein content, activities of catalase and peroxidase, chlorophyll and capsaicin content gradually decreased for all the treated and untreated fruits throughout the storage period. On the other hand, proline content and antioxidant 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity continuously increased with the extension of time-span under storage. Among the three treatment combinations, the combination of 20 µM SPD and 20 µM PUT was found to be the optimum, based on the response of all the morphological and physicochemical traits assessed. The same combination was effective in sustaining the quality of green bell pepper following its harvest, for a period of at least 40 days.

Keywords

Antioxidant activity,Bell pepper,DPPH,Postharvest,Sensory evaluation,Storage,

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