Extraction, characterization and antioxidant activity of polysaccharide from Pouteria campechiana seed.

Affiliation

Key Laboratory of Tropical Medicinal Resource Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 570203, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study, the seed polysaccharides (PCSP) was ultrasonic-assisted extracted from Pouteria campechiana and optimized by response surface method (RSM). After separation and purification by DEAE-52 cellulose column and Sephadex G-75 glucan gel column, the pure polysaccharide component of PCSPa-1 was obtained, and its structure and antioxidant activity were analyzed. The results showed that the optimal parameters of PCSP with maximum yields (15.94%) were ultrasonic temperature of 79 °C, ultrasonic time of 69 min, and liquid to material ratio of 41 mL/g. The molecular weight of PCSPa-1 was 67900 Da. PCSPa-1 consisted of glucose and mannose with a molar ratio of 86.65:4.62, and the glycosidic bond mainly included →4)-α-d-Glc(1→ and →6)-α-d-Glc(1→. Scanning electron microscopy showed that PCSPa-1 was a strip structure with a smooth surface. In addition, PCSPa-1 had strong scavenging capacity to 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis- (3-ethylbenzthiaz oline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), hydroxyl radical, and superoxide radical. Polysaccharides of Pouteria campechiana seeds could be exploited as a natural antioxidant.

Keywords

Antioxidant,Polysaccharides,Pouteria campechiana seeds,Structural characterization,

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