Extraction of Bridge Fundamental Frequencies Utilizing a Smartphone MEMS Accelerometer.


Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1075 13th St S, Birmingham, AL 35205, USA. [Email]


Smartphone MEMS (Micro Electrical Mechanical System) accelerometers have relatively low sensitivity and high output noise density. Therefore, it cannot be directly used to track feeble vibrations such as structural vibrations. This article proposes an effective increase in the sensitivity of the smartphone accelerometer utilizing the stochastic resonance (SR) phenomenon. SR is an approach where, counter-intuitively, feeble signals are amplified rather than overwhelmed by the addition of noise. This study introduces the 2D-frequency independent underdamped pinning stochastic resonance (2D-FI-UPSR) technique, which is a customized SR filter that enables identifying the frequencies of weak signals. To validate the feasibility of the proposed SR filter, an iPhone device is used to collect bridge acceleration data during normal traffic operation and the proposed 2D-FI-UPSR filter is used to process these data. The first four fundamental bridge frequencies are successfully identified from the iPhone data. In parallel to the iPhone, a highly sensitive wireless sensing network consists of 15 accelerometers (Silicon Designs accelerometers SDI-2012) is installed to validate the accuracy of the extracted frequencies. The measurement fidelity of the iPhone device is shown to be consistent with the wireless sensing network data with approximately 1% error in the first three bridge frequencies and 3% error in the fourth frequency.


SHM using smartphones,bridge health monitoring,bridge inspection,frequency independent stochastic resonance,stochastic resonance,structural health monitoring, SHM,

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