BACKGROUND : The aim of this study was to evaluate the extrusion of debris associated with the use of the Reciproc (VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany) and WaveOne Gold (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) reciprocating systems in curved canals instrumented up to different working lengths (WLs). METHODS : Sixty mesial roots of extracted mandibular first molars with mesiobuccal canals having curvatures between 10° and 20° and independent foramina were randomly distributed into 4 experimental groups (n = 15) according to WL and the instrumentation system used: RC0, Reciproc and WL at the apical foramen; RC1, Reciproc and WL at 1 mm short of the apical foramen; WOG0, WaveOne Gold and WL at the apical foramen; and WOG1, WaveOne Gold and WL at 1 mm short of the apical foramen. The canals were irrigated with double-distilled water throughout the preparation. Each root was fit into an Eppendorf tube to collect the debris extruded through the foramen during instrumentation. After instrumentation, the roots were removed from the tubes, and the weight of the debris was obtained by subtracting the initial weight of the tubes from their final weight. The data were submitted to the analysis of variance parametric test complemented by the Tukey test. RESULTS : No statistically significant difference was observed between the 4 experimental groups regarding the amount of debris extruded (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS : The 2 reciprocating systems tested were associated with similar amounts of apically extruded debris, regardless of the working length used in the instrumentation.