FAS/FAS-L-mediated apoptosis and autophagy of SPC-A-1 cells induced by water-soluble polysaccharide from Polygala tenuifolia.

Affiliation

Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education, College of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study, a water-soluble polysaccharide was extracted from Polygonum tenuifolia to inhibit the proliferation of SPC-A-1 cells by the FAS/FAS-L-mediated pathway and autophagy. The molecular weight, composition, and structure of the Polygala tenuifolia polysaccharide (PTP) was detected by HPLC, HPAEC-PAD, NMR and FT-IR. The purified polysaccharide was composed of Ara, Gal, and Glc (molar ratio: 2.6:1.8:1.0) with α- and β-configurations. Morphological changes were observed with microscopes, and the cell apoptosis-related markers detected by flow cytometry indicated that apoptosis and autophagy occurred in the SPC-A-1 cells. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of proteins was related to apoptosis and autophagy. The death receptor pathway demonstrated the up-regulated expression of FAS, ligand FAS-L, and FADD, which led to a cascade reaction of the caspase family that induced cell apoptosis. The up-regulation of LC 3B-II and the down-regulation of P62 indicated the occurrence of autophagy. In summary, these results showed that PTP can induce FAS/FAS-L-mediated apoptosis and autophagy in SPC-A-1 cells, and provide a strong theoretical basis for tumor prevention and clinical application of PTP in the future.

Keywords

Apoptosis and autophagy,Polygala tenuifolia polysaccharide,SPC-A-1 cells,

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