Fabrication of a Low Adhesive Superhydrophobic Surface on Ti6Al4V Alloys Using TiO₂/Ni Composite Electrodeposition.


School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China. [Email]


A superhydrophobic surface with low adhesion and good wear resistance was fabricated on Ti6Al4V substrates via TiO₂/Ni composite electrodeposition, and subsequently modified with a fluoroalkylsilane (FAS) film. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and optical contact angle measurements were used to characterize the surface morphologies, chemical compositions, and surface wettability. The superhydrophobicity of the as-prepared surface results from the fabrication of a hierarchical structure and the assembly of low-surface energy fluorinated components. The as-prepared surface had a water contact angle as high as 162.6° and a sliding angle close to 1.8°. Scratch and abrasion tests showed that the superhydrophobic coating provided a superior wear resistance and stable mechanical abrasion protection. In addition, the influence of processing conditions, such as working voltage, deposited time, pH value, and TiO₂ concentration, was also investigated.


Ti6Al4V,composite electrodeposition,low adhesive,superhydrophobic,

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