Fascia iliaca block, history, technique, and efficacy in clinical practice.

Affiliation

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The facsia iliaca block (FIB) is a relatively new regional technique where local anesthetic is delivered within the fascia iliaca region. Indications for a FIB include surgical anesthesia to the lower extremity after knee, femoral shaft, hip surgery, management of cancer pain or pain secondary to inflammatory conditions of the lumbar plexus, as well as treatment of acute pain in the setting of trauma, fracture, or burns. The FIB may be performed using either a loss of resistance technique or an ultrasound (US)-guided technique; however, the use of US has become commonplace and resulted in improved femoral nerve and obturator nerve motor blocks. The main targets of the FIB are the predominant nerves contained in the fascia iliaca compartment (FIC), namely the femoral nerve and the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. The FIB US guided technique is beneficial to patients and the possibility to perform FIB should be discussed and coordinated with surgical staff appropriately, considering its superiority to general or epidural anesthesia.

Keywords

facsia iliaca block,femoral nerve,hip surgery,lateral femoral cutaneous nerve,regional anesthesia,ultrasound,

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