Fatty liver in lipodystrophy: A review with a focus on therapeutic perspectives of adiponectin and/or leptin replacement.

Affiliation

First Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Lipodystrophy is a group of clinically heterogeneous, inherited or acquired, disorders characterized by complete or partial absence of subcutaneous adipose tissue that may occur simultaneously with the pathological, ectopic, accumulation of fat in other regions of the body, including the liver. Fatty liver adds significantly to hepatic and extra-hepatic morbidity in patients with lipodystrophy. Lipodystrophy is strongly associated with severe insulin resistance and related comorbidities, such as hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but other hepatic diseases may co-exist in some types of lipodystrophy, including autoimmune hepatitis in acquired lipodystrophies, or viral hepatitis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated lipodystrophy. The aim of this review is to summarize evidence linking lipodystrophy with hepatic disease and to provide a special focus on potential therapeutic perspectives of leptin replacement therapy and adiponectin upregulation in lipodystrophy.

Keywords

Acquired lipodystrophy,Acquired partial lipodystrophy,Congenital lipodystrophy,Familial partial lipodystrophy,Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis,