Feasibility of Non-invasive Neurally Adjusted Ventilator Assist After Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Repair.


Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI, USA; Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, 999 N. 92nd Street Suite 320, Milwaukee, WI, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : The use of neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA) in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients has been historically deemed unwise, since the trigger for breaths is the electromyographic activity of the diaphragmatic muscle. We report on our NAVA experience in CDH patients.
METHODS : We performed an IRB-approved retrospective review of newborns from 1/1/2012-1/1/2017 at a Level I Children's Surgery Center undergoing CDH repair. Data obtained included demographics, defect type and repair, respiratory support, and outcomes.
RESULTS : Seven infants with CDH were placed on noninvasive-NAVA (NIV-NAVA) after extubation. All seven patients underwent open transabdominal repair, with five requiring patch repair. All survived to discharge, and one year after birth. When we compared this group to a contemporary cohort of patients who also underwent CDH repair, we found no significant differences in birth weight, postmenstrual age, or gender. However, there was a significantly higher need for inhaled nitric oxide (p = 0.002), high frequency oscillatory ventilation (p = 0.016), and extracorporeal membranous oxygenation support (p = 0.045) in the NIV-NAVA cohort.
CONCLUSIONS : This is the first report of NIV-NAVA being successfully utilized as an adjunct to wean infants from conventional ventilation after CDH repair, even in those who require patch repair or with more significant disease severity.
METHODS : III- Retrospective Comparative Study.


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia,Neurally adjusted ventilator assist,Noninvasive ventilation,