Five-year exposure to PM2.5 and ozone and subclinical atherosclerosis in late midlife women: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation.


Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Effects of more than one-year exposure to air pollution on atherosclerosis is seldom studied. This paper aims to examine the association between five-year exposure to particulate matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5), ozone (O3) and atherosclerosis observed about seven years later in late midlife women.


Long-term exposure,Ozone (O(3)),PM(2.5),Subclinical atherosclerosis,Women's health,