Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: [Email]
Liver cirrhosis is characterized by increased intrahepatic resistance, splanchnic vasodilation/angiogenesis, and formation of portosystemic collateral vessels. Collaterals can cause lethal complications such as gastroesophageal variceal hemorrhage. Homocysteine is linked to vascular dysfunction and angiogenesis and higher levels have been reported in cirrhotic patients. It is also known that folic acid supplementation reverses the effects of homocysteine. However, the treatment effect in cirrhosis has yet to be investigated.