School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Institute of Modern Aquaculture Science and Engineering, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for Healthy and Safe Aquaculture, Guangzhou 510631, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), a soluble pattern recognition receptor, is able to recognize antigen and participate in non-specific cell immunity, such as regulation of inflammation, migration, opsonization, phagocytosis and killing, which plays an important role in innate immunity. In this study, we have investigated the contributing mechanisms and effects of MBL on the cell immunity of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) monocytes/macrophages. The mRNA expression level of OnMBL was significantly up-regulated in monocytes/macrophages after in vitro bacterial infection (Streptococcus agalactiae and Aeromonas hydrophila). Recombinant OnMBL ((r)OnMBL) protein could participate in the regulation of inflammation, migration, and enhancement of phagocytosis and respiratory burst activity in monocytes/macrophages. Moreover, the (r)OnMBL could induce the apoptosis of monocytes/macrophages. Taken together, the results of this study indicated that OnMBL is likely to involve in immune regulation, which may play an important role in host defense of innate immunity in Nile tilapia.