Functional prediction, characterization, and categorization of operome from Acetoanaerobium sticklandii DSM 519.

Affiliation

Molecular Systems Engineering Lab, Department of Bioinformatics, School of Life Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, 620024, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Acetoanaerobium sticklandii DSM 519 is a hyper-ammonia producing anaerobic bacterium that can be able utilizes amino acids as sole carbon and energy sources for its growth and energetic metabolism. A lack of knowledge on its molecular machinery and 30.5% conserved hypothetical proteins (HPs; operome) hinders the successful utility in biofuel applications. In this study, we have predicted, characterized and categorized its operome whose functions are still not determined accurately using a combined bioinformatics approach. The functions of 64 of the 359 predicted HPs are involved in diverse metabolic subsystems. A. sticklandii operome has consisted of 16% Rossmann fold and 46% miscellaneous folds. Subsystems-based technology has classified 51 HPs contributing to the small-molecular reactions, 26 in macromolecular reactions and 12 in the biosynthesis of cofactors, prosthetic groups and electron carriers. A generality of functions predicted from its operome contributed to the cell cycle, amino acid metabolism, membrane transport, and regulatory processes. Many of them have duplicated functions as paralogs in this genome. A. sticklandii has the ability to compete with invading microorganisms and tolerate abiotic stresses, which can be overwhelmed by the predicted functions of its operome. Results of this study revealed that it has specialized systems for amino acid catabolism-directed solventogenesis and acidogenesis but the level of gene expression may determine the metabolic function in amino acid fermenting niches in the rumina of cattle. As shown by our analysis, the predicted functions of its operome allow us for a better understanding of the growth and physiology at systems-scale.

Keywords

Acetoanaerobium sticklandii,Amino acid metabolism,Biofuel,Genome annotation,Hypothetical proteins,Molecular function,

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