G-CSF-Mobilized Blood and Bone Marrow Grafts as the Source of Stem Cells for HLA-Identical Sibling Transplantation in Patients with Thalassemia Major.


Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China. Electronic address: [Email]


As an inherited anemia, thalassemia major (TM) is currently only curable with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Here we report an allo-HSCT protocol for patients with TM who received a combination of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-primed bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells (G-BM & PBSCs) from a matched sibling donor (MSD). The conditioning regimen consisted of i.v. busulfan, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and antithymocyte globulin. Chimerism analysis was performed for all patients. Immunosuppressive treatment was terminated if rejection was suspected, and donor lymphocyte infusion was administered once no response was observed. A total of 184 patients with TM were enrolled in the study between July 2007 and July 2018. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 13.1%, and that of moderate or severe chronic GVHD was 5.7%. The cumulative incidence of graft rejection was .6%. In the total cohort, the 3-year overall survival, thalassemia-free survival, and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival were 97.8%, 97.3%, and 89.5%, respectively. Collectively, our results indicate that G-BM & PBSCs from an MSD is be a good stem cell source for patients with TM undergoing allo-HSCT.


Bone marrow transplantation,Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation,Sibling donor,Thalassemia major,