GLI1 overexpression promotes gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration and induces drug resistance by combining with the AKT-mTOR pathway.

Affiliation

Departments of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Hedgehog (HH) pathway significantly affected the pathogenesis of Gastric cancer (GC), but the multiple uncanonical HH pathways that are mediated by Zinc Finger protein GLI1 (GLI1) are still unclear. In the present work, we evaluated GLI1 and p-AKT expression in GC using immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis. GLI1 and AKT specific shRNA was transfected into GC cell lines to investigate the cross-regulation between HH pathway and AKT-mTOR pathway. The effect of GLI1 and p-AKT on proliferation, migration, and drug resistance were examined. Moreover, a mouse xenograft model of GC was established to verify the role of GLI1 and p-AKT in promoting drug sensitivity in vivo. Our results suggested the clinicopathological factors and prognosis by the differential expression of GLI1 and p-AKT in GC patients. GLI1 was activated by the AKT-mTOR pathway. Co-expression of GLI1 and p-AKT was associated with cell viability, migration, and drug resistance and indicated a poor prognosis in GC patients. Agents targeted against both GLI1 and p-AKT may reverse drug-resistance and achieve better inhibition than agents targeted against a single molecule. There was a significant correlation between the high expression of GLI1 and p-AKT in GC. Additionally, our study confirmed the activity of the AKT-mTOR-GLI1 axis, which provided a new viable field for GC treatment.

Keywords

AKT,Drug-resistance,GLI1,Gastric cancer,Hedgehog pathway,

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