Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Capital Medical University, PR China; Beijing Key Laboratory for Cancer Invasion and Metastasis Research, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are proteins that bind to the RNA and participate in forming ribonucleoprotein complexes. They have crucial roles in various biological processes such as RNA splicing, editing, transport, maintenance, degradation, intracellular localization and translation. The RBPs bind RNA with different RNA-sequence specificities and affinities, thus, identification of protein binding sites on RNAs (R-PBSs) will deeper our understanding of RNA-protein interactions. Currently, high-throughput sequencing of RNA isolated by crosslinking immunoprecipitation (HITS-CLIP, also known as CLIP-Seq) is one of the most powerful methods to map RNA-protein binding sites or RNA modification sites. However, this method is only used for identification of single known RBPs and antibodies for RBPs are required. Here we developed a novel method, called capture of protein binding sites on RNAs (RPBS-Cap) to identify genome-wide protein binding sites on RNAs without using antibodies. Double click strategy is used for the RPBS-Cap assay. Proteins and RNAs are UV-crosslinked in vivo first, then the proteins are crosslinked to the magnetic beads. The RNA elements associated with proteins are captured, reverse transcribed and sequenced. Our approach has potential applications for studying genome-wide RNA-protein interactions.