Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mediates the protective effects of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibition on pulmonary hypertension.

Affiliation

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210029, People's Republic of China. [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disease leading to death ultimately. Our recently published data demonstrated that inhibiting dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) alleviated pulmonary vascular remodeling in experimental PH. However, whether glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mediated the protective effect of DPP-4 inhibition (DPP-4i) on PH is unclear.
RESULTS : In the present study, GLP-1 receptor antagonist (exendin-3) abolished the protective effects of DPP-4 inhibitor (sitagliptin) on right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) in monocrotaline (MCT, 60 mg/kg)-induced PH in rat. Notably, activation of GLP-1 receptor by GLP-1 analogue liraglutide directly attenuated RVSP and PVR in MCT-induced PH, as well as bleomycin- and chronic hypoxia-induced PH. Moreover, liraglutide potently inhibited MCT-induced inflammation and suppressed MCT-induced down-regulation of vascular endothelial marker (VE-cadherin and vWF) in lung. In vitro studies showed liraglutide reversed TGF-β1 (5 ng/ml) combining IL-1β (5 ng/ml) induced endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), which could be abolished by GLP-1 receptor antagonist (exendin-3). Furtermore, liraglutide suppressed TGF-β1-IL-1β-induced phosphorylation of both Smad3 and ERK1/2.
CONCLUSIONS : Our data suggest that GLP-1 mediated the protective effects of DPP-4i on pulmonary vascular and RV remodeling in experimental PH, which may be attributed to the inhibitory effect on EndMT.

Keywords

DPP-4i,GLP-1,Pulmonary vascular remodeling,