Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Orthopaedic, Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster, National University Health System (NUHS), 1E Kent Ridge Road, NUHS Tower Block, Level 11, Singapore, 119074, Singapore. [Email]
OBJECTIVE : Genu valgum is one of the well-known predisposing factors for patellofemoral instability. The study aims to investigate the outcomes of isolated hemiepiphysiodesis in the correction of genu valgum and in the management of recurrent patellofemoral instability. The hypothesis was that hemiepiphysiodesis alone would result in significant correction of genu valgum, thereby preventing recurrent patellofemoral instability. METHODS : In the cohort study, all skeletally immature patients who underwent isolated hemiepiphysiodesis for recurrent patellofemoral instability were included. All patients included in the study had a minimum of 1-year follow-up duration prior to the conclusion of the study. RESULTS : Sixteen of twenty knees had no further patellofemoral instability post-operatively. The change in the status of patellofemoral instability was statistically significant (p = 0.001), similar to the change in the tibiofemoral angle (p = 0.015) and patellar tilt angle (p = 0.002). Comparison between patients with and without patellofemoral instability post-operatively revealed that the pre-operative patellar tilt angle (p = 0.005) and tibiofemoral angle (p = 0.001), post-operative patellar tilt angle (p = 0.004) and tibiofemoral angle (p = 0.027) as well as the change in patellar tilt angle (p = 0.001) and tibiofemoral angle (p = 0.001) were all significant predictors of the outcomes of genu valgum. CONCLUSIONS : Hemiepiphysiodesis is a potentially effective surgical management for skeletally immature patients with patellofemoral instability associated with isolated genu valgum. This is especially for patients who are skeletally immature and have sufficient remaining years for their genu valgum to be corrected using hemiepiphysiodesis. These patients also tended to have less severe genu valgum and patellar tilt angle, which could be corrected using hemiepiphysiodesis with the remaining years of growth. METHODS : II.