Hepatocyte-like cells derived from human amniotic epithelial, bone marrow, and adipose stromal cells display enhanced functionality when cultured on decellularized liver substrate.


Lester Smith Medical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Transplantation of primary hepatocytes has been used in treatments for various liver pathologies and end-stage liver disease. However, shortage of donor tissue and the inability of hepatocyte proliferation in vitro have lead to alternative methods such as stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs). Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells, and amniotic epithelial cells were isolated from human bone marrow (BM-MSCs), lipoaspirates (ASCs), and amniotic tissue (AECs) respectively. All cells were differentiated into HLCs on plates coated with Type I collagen or Porcine Liver Extracellular Matrix (PLECM-AA) matrix. Flow cytometry of BM-MSCs and ASCs, and AECs showed high expression of MSC-specific and embryonic stem cell markers respectively. All cell types differentiated into osteocytes, chondrocytes, and adipocytes. All cell type-derived HLCs presented the typical cuboidal primary hepatocyte morphology on PLECM-AA and fewer vacuoles (AECs) compared to HLCs cultured on type I collagen. Gene analysis of all cell type-derived HLCs cultured on PLECM-AA revealed higher upregulation of genes involved in drug transportation and metabolism compared to HLCs cultured on type I collagen. Although, HLCs cultured on PLECM-AA displayed some hepatocyte-related function and bioactivity, overall gene expression was lower compared to that of primary hepatocytes suggesting that caution should be taken when considering using HLCs to replace total hepatocyte functionality.


Adipose tissue,Adipose-derived stem cells,Cell-based therapy,Hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs),Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells,

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