High Response CO Sensor Based on a Polyaniline/SnO₂ Nanocomposite.

Affiliation

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung 407, Taiwan. [Email]

Abstract

A polyaniline (PANI)/tin oxide (SnO₂) composite for a CO sensor was fabricated using a composite film composed of SnO₂ nanoparticles and PANI deposition in the present study. Tin oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by the sol-gel method. The SnO₂ nanoparticles provided a high surface area to significantly enhance the response to the change in CO concentration at low operating temperature (<75 °C). The excellent sensor response was mainly attributed to the relatively good properties of PANI in the redox reaction during sensing, which produced a great resistance difference between the air and CO gas at low operating temperature. Therefore, the combination of n-type SnO₂ nanoparticles with a high surface area and a thick film of conductive PANI is an effective strategy to design a high-performance CO gas sensor.

Keywords

CO gas sensor,low operating temperature,polyaniline,sol-gel,tin oxide,