High performance of PAN/GO-ZnO composite nanofibers for photocatalytic degradation under visible irradiation.

Affiliation

Production Engineering and Printing Technology Department, Akhbar El-Youm Academy, 12655, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this work, Polyacrylonitrile nanofibers were enhanced by graphene oxide and zinc oxide, in terms of enhanced the photocatalytic activity and mechanical properties for the composite nanofibers. Photocatalytic degradation of two organic dyes methylene blue dye and indigo carmine dye from the simulated industrial wastewaters has been investigated under visible light irradiation. Composite nanofibers fabricated by using electrospinning technique followed by chemical cross-linking with zinc oxide. The surface sensitization and morphology changes of the fabricated composite nanofibers were studied using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis, Scanning Electron Microscopy and transmission electron microscope. Sensitized zinc oxide with graphene oxide showed higher efficiency in the degradation of MB with a 96% of degradation efficiency after 70 min and 98% for IC after merely 27 min. The optimum catalytic parameters such as initial organic dye concentration and pH were discussed. The efficacy of degradation of methylene blue dye and indigo carmine increased as initial concentration decreased. The optimal pH was around 5 where the reaction rate decreases above and under this pH value.

Keywords

Electrospinning,Graphene oxide,Indigo carmine,Methylene blue,Nanofibers,Photocatalyst activity,Zinc oxide,