Highly sensitive amperometric detection of glutamate by glutamic oxidase immobilized Pt nanoparticle decorated multiwalled carbon nanotubes(MWCNTs)/polypyrrole composite.

Affiliation

DRDO - BU Center for Life Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641046, India; Advanced Materials and Devices Laboratory (AMDL), Department of Nanoscience and Technology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641046, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

A highly sensitive and selective glutamate biosensor using glutamate Oxidase (GlUtOx) immobilized platinum nanoparticle (PtNP) decorated multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNTs)/polypyrrole (PPy) composite on glassy carbon electrodes (GC) is demonstrated. PtNP decorated MWCNTs (Pt-MWCNTs), PPy and Pt-MWCNTs/PPy composite were characterized by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman analysis to confirm the formation of the nanocomposite. The glutamate Oxidase (GlUtOx) was immobilized on a GC/Pt-MWCNTs/PPy and characterized by the cyclic voltammetry (CV) and impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis. The fabricated L-glutamate biosensor exhibited high sensitivity (723.08 µA cm-2 mM-1) with less response time (3 s) with a detection limit of 0.88 µM. The dynamic range from 10 to 100 µM with a correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.985 was observed for the L-glutamate biosensor. The analytical recovery of added L-glutamate acid (50 and 100 μM) in human serum soup were 96.1% and 97.5% respectively. The enzyme immobilized GC/Pt-MWCNTs/PPy/GlUtOx bioelectrode lost 12.6% and 23.8% of its initial activity after 30 days when stored at - 20 °C and 4 °C respectively.

Keywords

Amperometric,Biosensor,L-glutamate,MWCNTs,Polypyrrole,PtNP,

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