Highly sensitive aptasensor based on interferometric reflectance spectroscopy for the determination of amyloid β as an Alzheimer's disease biomarkers using nanoporous anodic alumina.

Affiliation

Departamento de Ingeniería Electrónica, Eléctrica y Automática, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Avda. Països Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Spain. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

It is well known that Alzheimer's disease is one of the global challenges for the 21st century. Therefore, it is urgent to develop a reliable biosensor for the detection of this disease. Here in, we have developed for the first time, an aptasensor based on interferometric reflectance spectroscopy (IRS) for the determination of amyloid β (Aβ) oligomers that is an Alzheimer's disease biomarker. For this purpose, the nanoporous anodic alumina (NAA) was first fabricated. After that, the pore walls of the NAA were modified with (3-aminopropyl) trimethoxysilane (NAA-NH2). The amino-terminal aptamers probe were then attached to the pore walls of the NAA-NH2 by using glutaraldehyde (GA) as the cross-linking agent. Subsequently, methylene blue (MB) was immobilized into the aptamer as the photo-probe, generating the MB/G-quadruplex complex. Since MB has a high absorption coefficient, the intensity of the reflected white light to the charge-coupled device (CCD) detector decreased. In the presence of the Aβ oligomers that have high affinity to the immobilized aptamer, the MB/quadruplex complex broke and MB washed away from the aptasensor. Therefore, the intensity of the reflected white light to the CCD detector increased. The increased signal intensity of the aptasensor has a logarithmic relationship with the concentration of Aβ oligomers. The proposed aptasensor exhibited a good response to the concentration of Aβ oligomers in the range of 0.5-50.0 μg × mL-1. The experimental detection limit was of 0.02 μg × mL-1 (at 3σ/S). The proposed optical aptasensor exhibited good selectivity, linear range, and stability.

Keywords

Alzheimer's disease,Amyloid β oligomers,Aptasensor,Interferometric reflectance spectroscopy,Nanoporous anodic alumina,

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