Host-microbiota interactions: from holobiont theory to analysis.


UMR 1349, IGEPP (Institut de Génétique, Environnement et Protection des Plantes), INRA, Agrocampus Ouest, Université Rennes 1, Domaine de la Motte, 35653, Le Rheu Cedex, France. [Email]


In the recent years, the holobiont concept has emerged as a theoretical and experimental framework to study the interactions between hosts and their associated microbial communities in all types of ecosystems. The spread of this concept in many branches of biology results from the fairly recent realization of the ubiquitous nature of host-associated microbes and their central role in host biology, ecology, and evolution. Through this special series "Host-microbiota interactions: from holobiont theory to analysis," we wanted to promote this field of research which has considerable implications for human health, food production, and ecosystem protection. In this preface, we highlight a collection of articles selected for this special issue that show, use, or debate the concept of holobiont to approach taxonomically and ecologically diverse organisms, from humans and plants to sponges and insects. We also identify some theoretical and methodological challenges and propose directions for future research on holobionts.


Holobiont,Hologenome,Host-microbiota interactions,Metagenomics,Symbiosis,