Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy.


Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, Suite 200; 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


The 4 categories of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia-eclampsia, and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia. These disorders are among the leading causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Proper diagnosis in the emergency department is crucial in order to initiate appropriate treatment to reduce the potential harm to the mother and the fetus. Prompt management should be undertaken when the blood pressure is greater than 160/110 mm Hg or there are other severe features such as acute kidney injury, elevated liver function tests, severe abdominal pain, pulmonary edema, and central nervous system disturbances.


Eclampsia,Gestational hypertension,HELLP,Preeclampsia,

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