Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic mechanism of organic chromium derived from chelation of Grifola frondosa polysaccharide-chromium (III) and its modulation of intestinal microflora in high fat-diet and STZ-induced diabetic mice.
Institute of Food Science and Technology, College of Biological Science and Technology, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350108, China; National Engineering Research Center of JUNCAO Technology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China; College of Light Industry and Food Science, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510225, China; College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Polysaccharide from Grifola frondosa is an excellent metal-ion chelating agent owing to its distinctive structure and outstanding functional activities. Our previous research has successfully synthesized novel organic chromium derived from the chelation ofG. frondosapolysaccharide-chromium (III) [GFP-Cr(III)]. The purpose of present research was to reveal the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic mechanism of GFP-Cr(III), and its relationship with the modulation of intestinal microflora. Successful fabrication of GFP-Cr(III) was verified by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and 1H NMR spectrum.The hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects were examined using type 2 diabetic mice induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozocin (STZ). Results indicated that GFP-Cr(III) intervention improved abnormal serum biochemical indicators (triglyceride (TG), cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and glucose), inhibited lipid accumulation and steatosis in the liver. Metagenomic analysis revealed that GFP-Cr(III) treatment produced obvious changes on the intestinal microflora in T2DM mice. Thecorrelationnetwork analysis further revealed that the serum and hepatic lipid profiles were positively correlated with Streptococcus and Enterococcus, but negatively correlated with Enterorhabdus, Ruminococcaceae-UCG-011, Coriobacteriaceae and Micrococcaceae. Meanwhile, oral administration with GFP-Cr(III) regulated the mRNA expression related to glucose and lipid metabolism. These results of present study suggest that GFP-Cr(III) could be used as potential functional food ingredients for the amelioration of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia.