IDO1 Inhibition Overcomes Radiation-Induced "Rebound Immune Suppression" by Reducing Numbers of IDO1-Expressing Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells in the Tumor Microenvironment.


Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas. Electronic address: [Email]


The limitation of hypofractionated radiation efficacy is due partly to the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is an important regulator of tumor immune suppression. We evaluated the effects of IDO1 in hypofractionated radiation using a Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) mouse model and tested whether IDO1 inhibition could sensitize those tumors to hypofractionated radiation.

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