ITGA6 and RPSA synergistically promote pancreatic cancer invasion and metastasis via PI3K and MAPK signaling pathways.

Affiliation

Department of General Surgery, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most malignant tumors. Invasion and metastasis can occur in the early stage of pancreatic cancer, contributing to the poor prognosis. Accordingly, in this study, we evaluated the molecular mechanisms underlying invasion and metastasis. Using mass spectrometry, we found that Integrin alpha 6 (ITGA6) was more highly expressed in a highly invasive pancreatic cancer cell line (PC-1.0) than in a less invasive cell line (PC-1). Through in vitro and in vivo experiments, we observed significant decreases in invasion and metastasis in pancreatic cancer cells after inhibiting ITGA6. Based on data in TCGA, high ITGA6 expression significantly predicted poor prognosis. By using Co-IP combined mass spectrometry, we found that ribosomal protein SA (RPSA), which was also highly expressed in PC-1.0, interacted with ITGA6. Similar to ITGA6, high RPSA expression promoted invasion and metastasis and indicated poor prognosis. Interestingly, although ITGA6 and RPSA interacted, they did not mutually regulate each other. ITGA6 and RPSA affected invasion and metastasis via the PI3K and MAPK signaling pathways, respectively. Inhibiting ITGA6 significantly reduced the expression of p-AKT, while inhibiting RPSA led to the downregulation of p-ERK1/2. Compared with the inhibition of ITGA6 or RPSA alone, the downregulation of both ITGA6 and RPSA weakened invasion and metastasis to a greater extent and led to the simultaneous downregulation of p-AKT and p-ERK1/2. Our research indicates that the development of drugs targeting both ITGA6 and RPSA may be an effective strategy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

Keywords

Integrin alpha6,Invasion,Metastasis,Pancreatic cancer,Ribosomal protein SA,

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