Identifying postnatal depression: Comparison of a self-reported depression item with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores at three months postpartum.


National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, UK; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queens University Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK. Electronic address: [Email]


Early identification of postnatal depression is important in order to minimize adverse outcomes. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is commonly used as a screening tool but a single, direct question on depression may offer an alternative means of identifying women in need of support. This study examines the agreement between these methods and characteristics of women who self-identify as depressed and those with EPDS ≥ 13.


Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS),Postnatal depression,Self-identified,